Main Article Content
Lecturers are professional educators and scientist with the disseminating knowledge, transforming education, developing ideas, and technology through education, research, and community service. Lecturer career development programs have been designed tovensure teaching quality and also improving lecturer’s professional careers. Performance is the process by which managers ensure that employee actions and outcomes contribute to the organization’s goals (Noe et al., 2010). The study examines the factors that affect the career advancement of lecturers, specifically from an academic perspective. The two main components considered are learning methodology and personal professionalism. The researcher analyzes and enhances these components based on performance indicators that impede their effectiveness. The researcher delves deeper into the meaning of these phenomena to better understand them. Qualitative research analysis and skills are highly influenced by the choice of words and phrases used. In qualitative research, the focus is mainly on the human elements, objects, and institutions, as well as the relationships or interactions between them, to comprehend a particular event, behavior, or phenomenon. This article specifically emphasizes the human elements of lecturers as educators, their job as educators as the object, and the institutional relationships or interactions between these elements to understand the phenomena or events.
As an academician, the researcher is interested in researching various factors that influence the development of lecturer careers when viewed from academic aspects. Therefore, the researcher will conduct a literature review in this study to find out what influences the development of lecturer careers.